Agora Deposit: H 12:6
Title:   Rubbish Dump
Category:   Dump
Description:   Rubbish Dump in mouth of abandoned well in Tholos Trench F, Kitchen. Filled with ash, charcoal, broken pottery, roof tiles.
Also from Trench L.
13 March 2014 by Ann Steiner
The deposit has four components. In general it is vaguely funnel-shaped, but asymmetrically so.
Component 1: At the top is an extensive oval-shaped pit, c. 3.20 by 1.60, distinguished by signs of burning: the Tholos Kitchen Dump: Lots Ζ 271-287 (425-400 B.C.E.)
Component 2: The second segment, moving downward, includes the top-most curb stones of a collapsed well together with ceramic material all jumbled up with the roof tiles from the Tholos, but with no signs of burning: Lots Ζ 687-690 (late 6th-late 5th c. B.C)
Component 3: A second set of collapsed curb stones, ,below the first two, and the material below it to the top of what was still preserved of the well shaft proper: Lots Ζ 691-693; and Ζ 686 (Geometric-late 6th c.)
Component 4: The bottom of the well and what is apparently pottery from a very short period of use. Lot Ζ 694 (425-400 B.C.E)
Well walls collapse on east (?) side, leaving a meter or so at the bottom with the original walls intact. Four curbing stones at top of well sink, with two sinking deeper than the other two, leaving a large depression at top that is significantly larger than circumference of well.
Earlier material, most likely from an earlier adjacent abandoned (?) well shifts into area of well shaft, both at just above the top-most curbing stones (Lots Ζ 687-690) but below the burning that signifies bottom of Kitchen Dump and below those curbing stones (Lots Ζ 686; 691-693).
C. 400: Kitchen Dump used to fill depression at ground level.
Notes:   Estimated Grid
Bibliography:   Hesperia Suppl. 47 (2013), p. 21, n. 30.
    Hesperia Suppl. 4 (1940), pp. 95-96, 129-132.
    Agora IV, p. 241.
    Agora VIII, p. 128.
    Agora X, p. 67.
    Agora XII, p. 392.
    Agora XXI, p. 98.
    Agora XXIII, p. 332.
    Agora XXX, p. 363.
Chronology:   Ca. 425-400 B.C.
Date:   7 June 1937
19 March-17 May 1938
Section:   Ζ
Grid:   H/4,5-12/14,15
Elevation:   -1.6m.
Masl:   -1.6m.
References:   Publications (9)
Publication Pages (25)
Images (4)
Objects (45)
Lots (19)
Notebooks (6)
Notebook Pages (20)