Agora Deposit: N 16:3
Title:   Disturbed Urn Cremation
Supervisor:   Homer A. Thompson
Category:   Burial
Description:   Cremation burial (trench-and-hole) under S. edge of E-W Street, northern burial. In some records as Grave XLVII.
The western part of the offering trench of the tomb was lost to a Turkish cess pit, and disturbances at least as early as the 7th c. B.C. had cut away the upper part of the cinerary urn and the adjoining trench filling. The tomb was found directly below a Classical wall. What survived was the south and east section of the original grave, including a strip of the pyre trench, reddened from burning to a depth of 0.05m, and below it a shallow urn-hole, roughly square, ca. 0.60m to the side, cut through earth almost to the level of bedrock, to a depth of about 0.30m.
The urn-hole was dug only deep enough to accommodate the cinerary urn to its shoulder; the burning suggests a north-south orientation with the cinerary urn at the south or southeast corner.
According to Angel, the cinerary urn contained the cremated remains of an adult male aged ca. 35 years at death. More recent reanalysis confirms the likelihood of an adult aged 30-40 years at death; the sex however is ambiguous, though the skeleton may be female. The cinerary urn also contained at least one burned fragment of an animal bone, identified as the burnt proximal radius of a goat. No grave goods or pyre sherds survived.
Bibliography:   Hesperia 25 (1956), pp. 48-49.
    Agora XXXVI, Tomb 22, pp. 217-220, figs. 2.23, 2.24, 2.129, 2.130.
Chronology:   Middle Geometric I
Date:   20, 27 May 1955
Section:   Τ
Grid:   Τ:66/ΜΣΤ
References:   Publication: Agora XXXVI
Publication: Hesperia 25 (1956)
Images (5)
Object: P 24790