Agora Deposit: N 21:4
Collection:   Agora
Type:   Deposit
Name:   N 21:4
Title:   Satyr Cistern
Category:   Cistern
Description:   Cistern with two tunnels, the one entering its neck cut off by an early Roman well, the other, at the bottom not excavated.
Chamber conical in shape, with a depressed draw basin in the center of the floor. No stratigraphy noted during excavation, but analysis of pottery suggests three fills, of which the lower two are potter's dumps.
Subdivisions are based on containers at time of excavation.
Middle fill: Only stamped amphora handle comes from Late Corinthian jar of second half of 3rd c. Latest coins date 200-180. Two molds, stamp for manufacture of molds, and clay stacking ring suggest fill is dump from potter's establishment. all molds and fragments of bowls produced by Workshop of Bion. Cistern M 21:1, 20 meters to southwest, also contained molds and large quantity of bowls, mostly products of Workshop of Bion. N 21:4 and m 21:1 are probably contemporary dumps from this shop, which was located near by.
Lower fill: 13 stamped amphora handles. Latest coin dates in first third of 3rd c. Fragments of two bowls; one stacking ring (possibly from middle fill).
Notes:   Subdivisions:
.1=Upper fill (Mouth and upper chamber in deposit nb) 2nd and 1st centuries B.C.
.2=Middle fill (upper fill in deposit nb)
.3=Lower fill (lower fill in deposit nb) ca. 250 B.C, or early in third quarter of 3rd century.
Bibliography:   Hesperia Suppl. 50 (2018), p. 73, n. 15.
    Hesperia 75 (2006), pp. 364-365.
    Rotroff (1994) (selection of pottery).
    Rotroff (1990), p. 177, pl. 24:3.
    Rotroff (1987a), pp. 185-186.
    Hesperia 32 (1963), pp. 325-326.
    Hesperia 31 (1962), pp. 244-262.
    Agora IV, p. 243.
    Agora XII, p. 395.
    Agora XXI, p. 99.
    Agora XXII, p. 105.
    Agora XXIX, p. 465.
    Agora XXVI, p. 314.
    Agora XXX, p. 365.
    Agora XXXII, p. 302.
    Agora XXXIII, p. 369.
    Agora XXXVII, pp. 66, 226; p. 75, n. 175.
    Delos XXVII, p. 381.
Chronology:   Early Roman-3rd c. B.C.
Date:   5-17 May 1939
Section:   ΕΕ
Grid:   ΕΕ:53/Ε
Elevation:   -5.5m.
Masl:   -5.5m.
References:   Publications (15)
Publication Pages (101)
Objects (147)
Coin: N 16068
Coin: N 16079
Deposit: N 21:4.1
Deposit: N 21:4.2
Deposit: N 21:4.3