Agora Deposit: U 26:1
Title:   Oinochoe Deposit
Category:   Other
Description:   Washed-in filling at the base of the Acropolis cliffs, some 7m. east of the Klepsydra; the fill was characterized by teh fragments of a series of red-figured oinochoai of special shape, of the late 5th c. B.C., but deposited at this point no earlier than the end of the 3rd c. B.C.
Between the foot of the rock and three or four large fallen boulders, it was found a hollow roughly 1.50m, in diameter, which was filled with a loose, slightly gravelly black earth. The filling which had been undisturbed since antiquity, was in places as much as 0.80m deep and produced a great quantity of pottery. Much of the pottery was coarse, fragments of rooftiles, storage jars and so on; but it included fragments of at least eight very curious oinochoes.
The deposit seems certainly to have been formed at one time; the latest sherds and the coins show that this must have been as late as the end of the third c. B.C.; this accounts for teh very fragmentary state of the oinochoes, which must be dated about 400 B.C. Although the character of the pottery precluded the possibility that this was a sanctuary dump, it seemed probable at first that the pit was in part artificial, and that the pottery had been deliberately deposited there. It now seems more likely that the pit was hollowed out, and the filling washed in by water pouring from the ledges above.
The characteristic shape and decoration show certainly that the oinochoes were made for some special cult purpose. the armed Athena, in the style of the Athenas of the Panathenaic amphoras, on the necks of two of the vases, and the helmeted Athena who mounts a chariot in the figured scene on the body in, apparently, every case suggest not merely a general connection with the cult of the goddess,but a specific association with teh festival of the Panathenaia; while the mammae which appear on the shoulders of all teh vases point with even greater certainty to a fertility cult.
Contents:   Coins
12 April 1939 #1
14 April 1939 #1-#3
Notes:   contents date to late 5th c. B.C., but deposited no earlier than the end 3rd c. B.C.
Bibliography:   Agora XXIX, p. 473.
Chronology:   Late 3rd c. B.C.
Date:   12-15 April 1939
Section:   ΟΑ
References:   Publication: Agora XXIX
Publication Pages (5)
Objects (22)