Corinth Basket: Nezi Field Context 6447
Collection:   Corinth
Type:   Basket
Name:   Nezi Field Context 6447
Area:   Nezi Field
Context Type:   Fill
Title:   Well, twenty-first fill from top
Category:   Deposit
Supervisor:   Marty Wells; Katie Rask
Notebook:   1103
Context:   6447
Page:   0
Date:   2009/05/25
Lot:   Lot 2009-088
Stratum:   20% bones, potery, tiles, cobbles, a few rounded pebbles, significant charcoal
Description:   Top slope of the context is level. Soil is Firm poorly sorted mixed- see description.
Notes:   This context was opened after the previous context 6438 was closed after approximately 12 cm. During the digging of this context, a lantern was used which drastically improved the visibility at the bottom of the well. Several things became clear: first, the soil composition of the context was very mixed, with sections having dry and brittle clay of a browner color and other lenses/deposits within the context made up of a a compact, dense, hard white clay, often mixed with bone and ceramic material. Second, the soil at the outer edge of the well had less clay and was light and chunky. Outside of this chunky ring was a crust of dirt about 2cm thick that circled the entire well; the break between this crust and the chunkier, dry outer ring was very sharp - the chunkier dirt easily fell away from the smooth surface of the crust. When the crust was removed it held its shape. Third, the context included a significant amount of charcoal, some of which preserved the shape of the wood to a length of 7 cm. In general the soil was also ashy.
10 buckets of this context were excavated by Rask. As with the previous context (6438) excavated by Wells, special attention was paid to the bone material to determine if there were articulated parts. No positively articulated bones were identified.
28.5.09: Half coin from sieve needs number from Alicia. - 2009-161
Context Pottery:   Coarseware. 4 handles. (saved to lot)
    sgraffito II, slipped painted (Frankish), fineware. 5 rims. 3 bodysherds. 1 base. (saved to lot)
    zeuxippus sgraffito, slipped painted (1240-1260), fineware. 3 rims. 8 bodysherds. 2 bases. (saved to lot)
    Coarseware. 3 rims. 11 handles. 72 bodysherds. (saved to lot)
    Coarseware. (saved to lot)
    thickened rim stewpot (Frankish), cooking ware. 2 rims. (saved to lot)
    Coarseware. 18 rims. 5 bases. (saved to lot)
    Coarseware. 1 rim. (saved to lot)
    collar rim stew pot (Frankish), cooking ware. 3 rims. (saved to lot)
    Coarseware. 16 rims. 11 bodysherds. 1 base. (saved to lot)
    glaze painted IV, slipped (1220-1260), fineware. (saved to lot)
    triangular rim stew pot (1100-1270), cooking ware. 1 rim. (saved to lot)
    folded rim stew pot, cooking ware. 4 rims. 2 handles. (saved to lot)
    light on dark IV, slip painted (1225-1260), fineware. 6 rims. 13 bodysherds. 6 bases. 1 complete profile. (saved to lot)
    Coarseware. 2 rims. 1 handle. (saved to lot)
Pottery Summary:   151 frag(s) 3.09 kg. (100% saved) fineware
    455 frag(s) 8.53 kg. (100% saved) coarseware
    124 frag(s) 1.70 kg. (100% saved) cooking ware
Context Artifacts:   iron nail 16; nail shaft 11; lump 6; tacks, some joined in threes 22; blade in 2 pieces, cf. MF 1271 (saved to lot)
    glass clear yellow, prunted beaker, BS 2, base 1 cf. MF14179; brown, bottle neck 1; yellow BS 1; clear base with 2 embedded threads 1; green BS 1; yellow BS 1 (saved to lot)
    revetment white 2 (saved to lot)
    revetment, lapis lac 1 (saved to lot)
    tessara white 1 (saved to lot)
    iron nails 2 (saved to lot)
    pounder 1 (saved to lot)
    bronze strip concave 1 (saved to lot)
    revetment, rosso antiqo 1 (saved to lot)
    bone, rib, burnisher 1 (saved to lot)
    shell patella 53 cockle 22 cassis 23 noa 2 murex 10 spongilus 1 unid 3 (saved to lot)
    burnishing stone 1 (saved to lot)
    lead small ring 1 (saved to lot)
Context Bones:   carpal/tarsal of B. taurus (Cattle) - 2 example(s).
    cranial of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 25 example(s).
    cranial of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 29 example(s).
    cranial of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 example(s).
    cranial of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 13 example(s).
    cranial,maxilla with teeth of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 13 example(s).
    cranial,maxilla with teeth of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 2 example(s).
    femur of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 fragment(s).
    femur of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 11 fragment(s).
    femur of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 fragment(s).
    femur of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 3 fragment(s).
    humerus of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 fragment(s).
    humerus of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 fragment(s).
    humerus of Felis catus (Cat - Feral House) - 1 example(s).
    humerus of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 3 fragment(s). 1 other misc. bone(s).
    hyoid of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 3 example(s).
    indeterminate of Aves, md (Bird - Medium) - 51 example(s).
    indeterminate of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 45 example(s).
    indeterminate of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 63 example(s).
    indeterminate of Ruminant, sm (Ruminant, sm) - 8 example(s).
    innominate of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    innominate of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 example(s).
    innominate of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 4 example(s).
    innominate of Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit - Domestic) - 1 example(s).
    innominate of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 2 example(s).
    limb bone, undiff. of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 33 fragment(s).
    limb bone, undiff. of Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit - Domestic) - 2 example(s).
    mandible of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    mandible of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 12 example(s).
    mandible of Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit - Domestic) - 2 example(s).
    mandible of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 2 example(s).
    mandible w/teeth of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    mandible w/teeth of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 3 example(s).
    mandible w/teeth of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 13 example(s).
    mandible w/teeth of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 5 example(s).
    metapodial of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 7 fragment(s). 3 complete example(s).
    metapodial of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 4 fragment(s).
    metapodial of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 fragment(s). 1 other misc. bone(s).
    Not in Table - 1 example(s).
    phalanx of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    phalanx of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 11 example(s).
    phalanx of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 fragment(s). 1 other misc. bone(s).
    premaxilla of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 9 example(s).
    premaxilla of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 2 example(s).
    radioulna of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 3 fragment(s).
    radius of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 fragment(s).
    radius of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 fragment(s).
    radius of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 fragment(s).
    rib of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    rib of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 40 example(s).
    rib of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 72 example(s).
    rib of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 3 example(s).
    scapula of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 32 example(s).
    scapula of Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit - Domestic) - 2 example(s).
    scapula of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 example(s).
    tarsal, astragalus of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 8 example(s).
    tibia of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 14 fragment(s).
    tibia of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 fragment(s).
    tibia of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 2 fragment(s).
    tooth of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    tooth of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 32 example(s).
    tooth of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 example(s).
    ulna of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 example(s).
    ulna of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 3 example(s).
    vertebrae of B. taurus (Cattle) - 5 example(s).
    vertebrae of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 6 example(s).
    vertebrae of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 48 example(s).
    vertebrae of Carangidae (Jack Family) - 1 example(s).
    vertebrae of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 10 example(s).
    vertebrae of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 20 example(s).
    vertebrae, thoracic of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 example(s).
Period:   Frankish (1210-1458 AD)
Chronology:   1270 +/- 10
Grid:   277.10-276.00E/1030.20-1031.30N
XMin:   276
XMax:   277.1
YMin:   1030.2
YMax:   1031.3
Site:   Corinth
City:   Ancient Corinth
Country:   Greece
Masl:   76.46-76.76m.
References:   Report: Nezi Field excavations 2009, by Martin Wells, Katie Rask (June 17 - June 18)
Coins (4)
Lot: Lot 2009 088