Corinth Basket: Nezi Field Context 6474
Collection:   Corinth
Type:   Basket
Name:   Nezi Field Context 6474
Area:   Nezi Field
Context Type:   Fill
Title:   Well, twenty-fourth fill from top
Category:   Deposit
Supervisor:   Marty Wells; Katie Rask
Notebook:   1103
Context:   6474
Page:   0
Date:   2009/05/27
Lot:   Lot 2009-088
Stratum:   70% inclusions - tabular/rounded, rounded spherical, rounded platy (0.15-0.32m) boulders and cobbles, many roof tiles, base-ball sized and less chunks of compact dark grey clay, lots of bones; pottery
Description:   Top slope of the context is level. Soil color is dark greyish brown. Soil is Soft very poorly sorted clayey silt.
Notes:   This context was opened after 6469 was excavated and closed after ca. 30cm. During excavation of 6469, the soil became markedly damper and darker, but did so gradually throughout the context. 6474 has a dark, rich tone and comes out fully moist. There is also a significiant increase in the number of inclusions. There was a very large amount of bones of all sizes (eggshells continued but fewer scales). There seems to be more bones than pottery. Many rooftiles were removed as well as many boulders (e.g., platy shist 0.39m, subrounded tabular 0.30m). There were also some chunks of dense dark grey glay with colored soil inclusions (probably the 'wetter' version of the clay clumps with brown and green bits sampled from higher well contexts).
Ca. 5-6 buckets were sieved with only the 7mm screen.
The context was closed after ca. 0.50 m and ca. 30 buckets.
Context Pottery:   aegean sgraffito, slipped painted (1240-1260), fineware. 1 rim. 1 complete profile. (saved to lot)
    light on dark IV, slip painted (1225-1260), fineware. 3 rims. 5 bodysherds. 1 base. (saved to lot)
    Coarseware. 3 rims. (saved to lot)
    Coarseware. (saved to lot)
    Coarseware. 1 rim. 3 bases. (saved to lot)
    Coarseware. 4 rims. 3 handles. 35 bodysherds. (saved to lot)
    collar rim stew pot, cooking ware. 3 rims. 3 handles. (saved to lot)
    glaze painted IV, slipped (1220-1260), fineware. 20 rims. 15 bodysherds. 6 bases. (saved to lot)
    Coarseware. 2 bases. (saved to lot)
    gunsenin III amphora (1200-1300), coarseware. 6 bodysherds. (saved to lot)
Pottery Summary:   159 frag(s) 3.84 kg. (100% saved) fineware
    642 frag(s) 10.17 kg. (100% saved) coarseware
    149 frag(s) 1.65 kg. (100% saved) cooking ware
Context Artifacts:   marble revetment white 2 schisty 1 (saved to lot)
    glass, clear with added blue strip, cf. MF 92-19, MF 69-147; clear prunted beaker base 2; purple base 1; (saved to lot)
    whetstone 2 (saved to lot)
    iron nail 1; lump 2; strip 2; blade 1 (saved to lot)
    shell patella 22 murex 1 spondylus 1 (saved to lot)
    cermaic waster w/ glaze 1 (saved to lot)
    bone astragalus blackened 1 (saved to lot)
    bronze, buckle tangs? 2; buckle w/ incised lines 1, cf MF 2054 (saved to lot)
Context Bones:   6 of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 example(s).
    cranial of B. taurus (Cattle) - 7 example(s).
    cranial of B. taurus (Cattle) - 51 example(s).
    cranial of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 33 example(s).
    cranial of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 44 example(s).
    cranial of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 560 example(s).
    cranial of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 9 example(s).
    cranial of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 17 example(s).
    cranial of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 5 example(s).
    cranial,maxilla with teeth of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    cranial,maxilla with teeth of B. taurus (Cattle) - 8 example(s).
    cranial,maxilla with teeth of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 5 example(s).
    cranial,maxilla with teeth of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 2 example(s).
    cranial,maxilla with teeth of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 8 example(s).
    femur of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 10 fragment(s).
    humerus of B. taurus (Cattle) - 2 fragment(s).
    humerus of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 17 fragment(s).
    humerus of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 3 fragment(s).
    humerus of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 fragment(s).
    hyoid of B. taurus (Cattle) - 2 example(s).
    hyoid of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    hyoid of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 example(s).
    hyoid of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 example(s).
    indeterminate of Aves, md (Bird - Medium) - 3 example(s).
    indeterminate of B. taurus (Cattle) - 4 example(s).
    indeterminate of Mammalia, lg (Mammal - Large) - 9 example(s).
    indeterminate of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 12 example(s).
    indeterminate of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 41 example(s).
    indeterminate of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 132 example(s).
    indeterminate of Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit - Domestic) - 2 example(s).
    innominate of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 example(s).
    innominate of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 5 example(s).
    innominate of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 example(s).
    limb bone, undiff. of B. taurus (Cattle) - 3 fragment(s).
    limb bone, undiff. of B. taurus (Cattle) - 3 example(s).
    limb bone, undiff. of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 50 fragment(s).
    limb bone, undiff. of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 21 fragment(s).
    limb bone, undiff. of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 27 fragment(s).
    limb bone, undiff. of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 12 fragment(s).
    mandible of B. taurus (Cattle) - 2 example(s).
    mandible of B. taurus (Cattle) - 44 example(s).
    mandible of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    mandible of B. taurus (Cattle) - 5 example(s).
    mandible of B. taurus (Cattle) - 6 example(s).
    mandible of B. taurus (Cattle) - 8 example(s).
    mandible of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 17 example(s).
    mandible of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 example(s).
    mandible w/teeth of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    mandible w/teeth of B. taurus (Cattle) - 2 example(s).
    mandible w/teeth of B. taurus (Cattle) - 7 example(s).
    mandible w/teeth of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 example(s).
    mandible w/teeth of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 7 example(s).
    mandible w/teeth of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 5 example(s).
    metapodial of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 fragment(s).
    metapodial of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 8 fragment(s). 1 complete example(s). 1 other misc. bone(s).
    metapodial of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 fragment(s). 1 complete example(s).
    metapodial of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 fragment(s).
    Not in Table - 1 example(s).
    phalanx of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    phalanx of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 fragment(s). 2 complete example(s).
    premaxilla of B. taurus (Cattle) - 5 example(s).
    premaxilla of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    radioulna of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 fragment(s).
    radioulna of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 9 fragment(s).
    radius of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 fragment(s).
    radius of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 fragment(s).
    radius of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 10 fragment(s).
    rib of B. taurus (Cattle) - 12 example(s).
    rib of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 63 example(s).
    rib of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 example(s).
    rib of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 61 example(s).
    rib of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 example(s).
    scapula of B. taurus (Cattle) - 1 example(s).
    scapula of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 30 example(s).
    scapula of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 106 example(s).
    scapula of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 example(s).
    sternum of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 example(s).
    tarsal, astragalus of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 3 example(s).
    tarsal, astragalus of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 example(s).
    tarsal, astragalus of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 example(s).
    tarsal, calcaneus of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 fragment(s).
    tarsal, calcaneus of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 example(s).
    tarsal, calcaneus of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 fragment(s).
    tarsal, navicular of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 example(s).
    tibia of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 fragment(s).
    tibia of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 8 fragment(s). 1 other misc. bone(s).
    tibia of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 6 fragment(s).
    tibia of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 1 fragment(s).
    tibia of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 1 fragment(s).
    tooth of B. taurus (Cattle) - 2 example(s).
    tooth of B. taurus (Cattle) - 27 example(s).
    tooth of B. taurus (Cattle) - 80 example(s).
    tooth of B. taurus (Cattle) - 5 example(s).
    tooth of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 6 example(s).
    tooth of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 35 example(s).
    tooth of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 2 example(s).
    tooth of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 3 example(s).
    ulna of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 example(s).
    ulna of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 3 fragment(s).
    vertebrae of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 37 example(s).
    vertebrae of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 12 example(s).
    vertebrae of Epinephelus niveatus (Grouper - Snowy) - 2 example(s).
    vertebrae of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 2 example(s).
    vertebrae, axis of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 6 example(s).
    vertebrae, axis of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 example(s).
    vertebrae, caudal of B. taurus (Cattle) - 2 example(s).
    vertebrae, caudal of Mammalia, md (Mammal - Medium) - 1 example(s).
    vertebrae, cervical of B. taurus (Cattle) - 9 example(s).
    vertebrae, cervical of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 30 example(s).
    vertebrae, lumbar of B. taurus (Cattle) - 3 example(s).
    vertebrae, lumbar of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 11 example(s).
    vertebrae, lumbar of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 9 example(s).
    vertebrae, lumbar of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 1 example(s).
    vertebrae, lumbar of Sus scrofa (Wild Boar or Domestic Pig) - 2 example(s).
    vertebrae, thoracic of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 11 example(s).
    vertebrae, thoracic of Capra aegagrus hircus (Sheep/Goat) - 2 example(s).
Period:   Frankish (1210-1458 AD)
Chronology:   1270-1280
Grid:   277.10-276.00E/1030.20-1031.30N
XMin:   276
XMax:   277.1
YMin:   1030.2
YMax:   1031.3
Site:   Corinth
City:   Ancient Corinth
Country:   Greece
Masl:   75.26-75.79m.
References:   Report: Nezi Field excavations 2009, by Martin Wells, Katie Rask (June 17 - June 18)
Object: MF 2009 22
Coin: 2009 142
Lot: Lot 2009 088